SMSFs during COVID-19 and your 14 point checklist
By Nicholas Ali, on behalf of Firstlinks
Every SMSF trustee should take the time to review the fund’s status as an assessment of its compliance as well as its overall health. The annual audit is like a medical check-up of your fund, especially given the unique challenges COVID-19 brings.
To make life a little easier, here’s a 14-point checklist to start you on your way.
1. Check the trust deed
Check the trust deed to ensure it is properly executed and ensure the trusteeship and membership align. When a company is trustee, all members must be directors (the principle exception is single-member funds). With individual trustees, all must be members of the fund (again, single-member funds are the main exception).
2. Review the fund’s investment strategy
Check if the fund’s investment strategy is fit for purpose, especailly given the recent (and probably continuing) market volatility. Don’t only look at the fund’s Strategic Asset Allocation (its long term ‘benchmark’ risk/return nexus). Consider the fund’s ability to take short-term positions away from the benchmark.
3. Documentation due to COVID-19 early access to super
This is the $10,000 tax-free lump sum payable to fund members who have been adversely impacted by COVID-19 (or $20,000 if utilied twice). It is a self-assessed lump sum, but make sure you are eligible for the payment, as the ATO will police this scheme and penalties apply to those who abuse it.
Documentation that shows a loss of employment or a reduction in earnings will be important for the auditor to verify accessibility to the scheme.
4. Make sure the assets are registered in the correct name
We are often asked, “What about a term deposit commencing when the fund had individual trustees? Now we’ve changed to a corporate trustee, the financial institution says the ownership of the term deposit will change if the investment is registered in the name of the new company, and accrued interest will be lost. What will the auditor think about this?”
In these situations, a Declaration of Trust may need to be signed by the trustee to satisfy the auditor, stating the term deposit is not registered in the name of the trustee.
5. Record assets at market value
Assets must be recorded at market value and it’s up to the trustees to provide the valuation. Market valuations are important for:
- Determining pension payments for the year
- Determining the level of in-house assets
- Payment of lump sums (member accounts need to be valued before a lump sum can be paid)
- Other scenarios, such as estate planning and retirement decisions.
The ATO has published helpful guidelines on valuation of assets.
6. Limited Recourse Borrowing Arrangements (LRBAs)
An SMSF can borrow to invest in assets under strict conditions, usually for property. For example, the property must be held in the name of the holding trust trustee, not the SMSF trustee. Not also that:
- The impact of COVID-19 on rental incomes, contributions by members or other fund income may affect the SMSF’s ability to make loan repayments.
- If a commercial lender has provided a loan deferral, document it to ensure the auditor understands why loan repayments are not being made. Where the lender is a related party, loan deferrals must mirror commercial practices and be undertaken on an arm’s length basis.
- Ensure the actual amendment to loan terms is documented and retained for audit and other purposes.
7. Related party transactions must be at arm’s length
Acquisition prices of assets, such as transfers of shares or property, must be at market value, otherwise Non-Arm’s Length Income (NALI) provisions may apply. These provisions ensure assets not acquired at market value will be subject to tax on income and any future realised capital gains at the top marginal tax rate, irrespective of whether the fund is in pension mode. The ATO is also targeting non-arm’s length expenses, where a related party provides a service to their SMSF and does not charge the fund a commercial rate regarding the expense.
8. In-house assets no more than 5% of overall assets
An in-house asset, in general terms, is:
- A loan to, or an investment in, a related party of the fund
- An investment in a related trust of the fund
- An asset of the fund subject to a lease or lease arrangement between the trustee of the fund and a related party of the fund.
In-house assets cannot be more than 5% of the fund’s total assets and are measured on 30 June each year.
Ordinarily, the trustees would need to put in place a rectification plan to bring the in-house asset back to within the 5% limit by 30 June 2021. COVID-19 may mean funds with in-house assets breach the limit, so the ATO has stated they may not take any compliance action if the rectification plan is not executed by 30 June 2021. The plan would still need to be in place, however, and this is something the auditor is going to want to see.
9. Check the contribution restrictions
The types of contributions your SMSF can accept are restricted by several factors:
- The age and employment status of the member
- The amount of contributions, known as the contributions cap
- The member’s Total Superannuation Balance on 30 June of the previous financial year (affecting the member’s eligibility to non-concessional contributions, spouse contributions and government co-contributions).
10. Fund expenses cannot be of a personal nature
Expenses can only be paid by the fund where they relate to the running of the SMSF and the tax invoice is in the name of the SMSF. No expenses of a personal nature can be paid by the fund.
11. Assemble your benefit payments documentation
Make sure documentation relating to a benefit payment (lump sum or pension) is in place. Pensions must be paid in cash. Lump sums can, however, be paid in-specie. At this stage, if you have paid more than your reduced COVID-19 minimum, you cannot refund the excess back to your fund.
12. Documentation requirements due to COVID-19 – pension reduction
Trustees need to document a member’s decision to take the reduced pension minimum. The auditor will require this to see why the ordinary minimum was not drawn from the fund in the 2020 financial year.
13. Documentation requirements due to COVID-19 – rent relief
The ATO and the auditor will not take compliance action where an SMSF landlord gives a related party tenant rent reduction in 2020 and 2021 financial years. However, the rent relief must be due to the impact of COVID-19 and must be on arm’s length terms.
14. Check actuarial certificates and determine if your fund is subject to the disregarded small fund assets rule
The rules changed in the 2017/18 financial year and your fund will not require an actuarial certificate if:
- It has been 100% in pension mode for the entire financial year
- It is not subject to the ‘disregarded small fund assets’ rule.
Disregarded small fund assets are where:
- Any member of the SMSF has retirement phase assets of at least $1.6 million
- The asset does not need to be in the SMSF
- Measured as at 30 June the previous financial year.
So, if $1 million is in pension mode in your SMSF and you also have, say, $600,000 in an industry fund also paying you a pension as at 30 June 2019, the SMSF will be subject to the ‘disregarded small fund assets rule’ in the 2020 financial year. It will require an actuarial certificate, even though the certificate will say the fund was 100% in pension mode (and thus not subject to tax on earnings). This requirement will probably not apply from 1 July 2021, as a change was mooted in the 2019 Federal Budget.
There are many benefits from the control and cost advantages of running your own SMSF, but it also comes with responsibilities to work with your administrator and auditor to ensure it remains compliant.
For any SMSF queries contact your Fitzpatricks Adviser. Fitzpatricks offers an SMSF Accounting Service to support clients.